India has realized impressive gains in child survival over the last two decades. However, at the current pace, the country is unlikely to achieve the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 -which aims to reduce Under-Five Mortality (U5MR) by two thirds between 1990 and 2015- unless the related socio-economic; maternal and demographic; and environmental determinants are urgently addressed.
This is one of the conclusions of The Infant and Child Mortality India Report released by UNICEF and the National Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS), Indian Council of Medical Research.
Six states, though, namely Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharastra, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and West Bengal are likely to achieve the goal
• There has been a consistent decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) and Under-Five Mortality Rate (U5MR) in India. The rate of decline in current decade is higher than in the previous.
• However, based on robust projections, at the current rate of decline, India is unlikely to meet the targets for Millennium Development Goal (MDG)-4, which aims to reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate.
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Feature Story- Building skills and confidence to save mothers and new-borns
Over the last few years, the State Government, with support from UNICEF, has focussed extensively on improving facility-based healthcare for new-borns and mothers with new-born care corners (NNBCs), special new born care units (SNCUs) and labour rooms in first referral units across the state.