A total of 330 million people, a quarter of India’s population, have been affected by the drought of 2015-16. The drought has had an impact on 2, 55,923 villages in 254 districts of 10 states.
(Indian Express Newspaper, 20 April, 2016)
Drought is a complex, slow-onset phenomenon of ecological challenge that affects people more than any other natural hazards. Drought is a complex, slow-onset phenomenon of ecological challenge that affects people more than any other natural hazards by causing serious economic, social and environmental losses.
In 2014-15, India had a 12 percent deficit in rainfall, followed by a 14 percent shortfall in 2015-16. As per the response filed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare, Government of India, in the Rajya Sabha on the 29 April 2016, 266 districts across 11 states have officially declared drought in 2016. Some of these districts were experiencing repeated droughts over the past two to three years (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, and Uttar Pradesh,) leading to serious food and drinking water security concerns.
Drought in India is a regular event occurring almost every year in some Indian states. Because droughts are a normal part of virtually any climate, it is important to develop plans to reduce their impacts. However, drought declaration and response management in India have always been a large and complex operation, requiring close, often challenging, and coordination between various government levels.
Against the background of this repetitive drought and drought-like situation in many states of India over the last few years, UNICEF’s India Country Office sought to improve its first-hand understanding of the direct and indirect impact of drought on children and women and the Government programmes to lessen the negative impact. A rapid drought impact assessment was therefore carried out in eight states, with the aim of providing insights into drought management practices and their effectiveness, and to identify UNICEF’s role in supporting efforts to achieve long-term climate and disaster resilience.
A contextual analysis was done of drought and drought-like situation over the past three to five drought years explaining its impact on women and children within the overall build-up of stress due to various factors like climate variability, unstainable development decisions, and environmental degradation.
“There is an urgent need for a long-term approach to address the underlying risks and impact of drought on communities in particular children and women in India, which have both a social and an increasingly economic impact too. We need to have a forward-looking plan to gradually move towards a more drought resilient India”, says UNICEF India Representative Louis-Georges Arsenault..
Read more about the findings.
“State Governments need to ensure that critical social infrastructure catering for children and women – primary health centre, anganwadi centres, schools – have sufficient provision of water at all times, before, during and after drought situations”, said Lars Bernd, Chief of Disaster Risk Reduction Section