Fast Facts - Assam
Child Sex Ratio:
Principal Languages:
Literacy Rate:
Infant Mortality Rate:
31.2 million
U5: 75 per 1000 NMR 29 per 1000


Assam is popularly known as the Gateway to the North-East, the region made up by Indias seven north-eastern states. It forms one of these Seven Sisters states along with Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura and Meghalaya and shares international borders with Bhutan and Bangladesh. It is Indias 14th most populous state, with 31.2 million people across 27 districts. Although relatively stable in recent years, Assam has a history of conflict and tension between ethnic groups and separatist movements. The Bodoland TerritorialArea Districts (BTAD) especially have seen considerable violence with the Bodos, the largest tribe in the State of Assam, gaining control of the area in 2003 after an agreement with the Indian government. Since then, the Bodoland Peoples Front (BPF) has been a coalition partner to one of the countrys two leading parties, Indian National Congress.Conflict between groups and factions in the BTAD has continued, with sporadic violent incidents. Assams economy is predominantly agriculture-based, with 69 per cent of the population engaged in the sector. It is the biggest producer of quality tea in India, contributing over 50 per cent of the countrys overall produce. Assam state is also rich in petroleum, natural gas, coal and limestone deposits. It is one of the richest biodiversity zones in the world and consists of tropical rainforests, deciduous forests, riverine grasslands, bamboo orchards and numerous wetlandecosystems. Assam is a multi-hazard state and prone to floods, earthquakes, storms and landslides along with man-made disasters, and has a history of major disasters ranging from large earthquakes to severe floods.It also faces acute flooding and erosion problems. Growth in most of the cities and towns is haphazard ... Read More...

Challenges and Opportunities
Assam has had a history of civil strife and has been witness to various separatist movements, which have had an impact on development indicators. Amongst the most vulnerable groups are communities working on teaplantations. Forming nearly 20 per cent of the population, they are often marginalized and experience living conditions significantly poorer than for the general population. These communities have limited access to health and education facilities and most marry at a relatively young age. Assam experiences significant variations in mortality and service indicators. The highest MMR, in upper Assam, is 401, whi ... Read More...
UNICEF in Action
UNICEF interventions in Assam focus on strengthening implementation of central and state government schemes so that they reach the most marginalized and vulnerable children and women. Under thecurrent Country Programme Action Plan (2013-2017), UNICEF is making a strategic shift from field-level implementation to improving programme effectiveness at the state level. In order to achieve this, it partners with a number of stakeholders including the government, civil society organizations, academia, media and legislatures. UNICEF is working in Assam to improve child survival by strengthening the delivery quality of health services, providing support for capacity development and strengthening health systems, evidence based policy advocacy, monitoring and supportive supervision. Its Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) programmealso guid ... Read More...
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