Jharkhand, carved out of the large state of Bihar in 2000, has a population of 32.9 million (Census 2011), living in about 120,000 dwellings, spread over 33,000 villages. According to Census 2001 , about 38 per cent of the people in the state belonged to the disadvantaged communities of Scheduled Tribes (26.3 per cent) and Scheduled Castes (11.8 per cent).
Out of the total population, 5.2 million (15.8 per cent) are children aged less than six years (Census 2011) and 12.7 million (38.6 per cent) are children less than 18 years (RGI projected population 2006). About 74 per cent of people live in villages (Census 2011). About 40 per cent of India’s mineral resources are in Jharkhand and it has a forest cover of 28 per cent.
UNICEF in Jharkhand works with the government, legislative committees, Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs), civil society organizations (CSOs), the media, academic institutions and others to bring about change in the following priority areas in the state :
a) Eliminating child marriage
b) Improving quality of education and girls education
c) Eliminating child labour
d) Reducing neo-natal deaths
e) Improving adverse sex ratio
f) Elimination of open defecation
g) Reducing stunting & malnutrition among children
h) Improving routine immunization
i) Prevention and treatment of diarrhoea and pneumonia
j) Addressing malaria.
Challenges and Opportunities
The programme environment in Jharkhand faces a number of challenges in terms of political instability, left wing extremism and several systemic issues (absence of institutions, large number of vacancies, procurement bottlenecks), for achieving social, human and economic development goals. The state witnessed eight governments / chief ministers and three periods of Presidents rule in the last 12 years from 2000.
A coalition government has been in place since September 2010, bringing some level of political stability. Out of 24 districts in Jharkhand, 17 districts are affected by left wing extremism (LWE) and these d
UNICEF in Action
Provide technical support to government of Jharkhand in the implementation of RMNCH+A strategyboth at state level and four high priority districts to reduce child and maternal mortality rates.
Support Government to set up Special Care Newborn Units (SCNUs) for care of sick and low birth weight new borns. Technical support is being provided for setting up New Born Care Corners (NBCC)and New Born Stabilization Units (NBSUs) at hospitals
Strengthen skills of ANMs to treat, counsel and refer sick newborns and children under 5 years in the Integrated Management of Newborn Childhood illness (IMNCI). Over 19,000 workers (ANM, LHV and AWW) trained on IMNCI.
Strengthen skills of Sahiyya (ASHA) for home visits in Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) though supportive supervision by the Sahiyya Sathi. 36,000 Sa