Introduction

Located in central India, Madhya Pradesh (MP) is Indias second largest state with an area of 308,252 sq km. Called the heart of India because of its geographic location, MP borders Uttar Pradesh in the north-east, Chhattisgarh in the south-east, Maharashtra in the south, Gujarat in the west and Rajasthan in the north-west. The state has four agro-climatic zones, and thus, a diverse mix of ethnic groups and tribes, castes and communities, including indigenous tribal groups and relatively more recent migrants from other states. It has a significant tribal population, which constitutes more than one-fifth of its total population and 40 per cent of Indias total tribal population. In absolute numbers, Madhya Pradesh is home to the largest number of Scheduled Tribes (STs) in India and is often called the tribal state of India. There are 43 recognized STs. There are three particularly vulnerable tribal groups in the state Sahariya, Baiga and Bharia. The tribal population is largely concentrated in and around the forest area of Madhya Pradesh, and is amongst the most marginalized and vulnerable. The relative isolation of the tribal population and inadequate reach of infrastructure in some districts has made accessing services difficult. This has resulted in limited access to agricultural inputs, extension services, credit and markets. The rural poor in forested areas, particularly tribal populations, are dependent on forest resources for subsistence, income and employment. Districts with considerable tribal and Scheduled Caste (SC) populations typically represent the most deprived areas. Covering 9.38 per cent of the total land area of the country, Madhya Pradesh is endowed with rich and diverse forest resources and is a reservoir of biodiversity. The forest ... Read More...

Challenges and Opportunities
The rate of full immunization against common childhood diseases is low and needs to be scaled up to more than 80 per cent coverage. The mortality rate for rural children under five is higher than state and national averages, with higher rural and female infant mortality rates. According to NFHS-3 (2005-06), about 60 per cent of children under five years of age are underweight and 50 per cent suffer from chronic undernutrition (stunting). An estimated 12.6 per cent of children aged 0-59 months old (about 1 million children) are severely wasted. While institutional deliveries make up more than 80 per cent of childbir ... Read More...
UNICEF in Action
The focus of UNICEFs Child Survival programme in Madhya Pradesh (MP) is on strengthening support for the states health systems and institutions in order that they can implement new and improve the quality of existing key maternal, newborn and child health interventions as planned in the National Health Mission (NHM)and National Health Policy (NHP). Over recent years, with UNICEFs support, the state Health Mission has continually strengthened the coverage and outreach of health services to the most marginalized through key initiatives such as strengthening Special New Born Care Units (SNCUs), Janani Express Yojana (JEY) and Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY). In coming years, UNICEF will focus its support on enhancing the quality of health services by capacity-building workers in the sector and strengthening monitoring and review mechani ... Read More...
 
 
 
 
 
 
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