Odisha has experienced improvements on a range of development measures due in part to a stable political environment since the year 2000. The State government was elected for its fourth consecutive term in 2014. Estimates by Indias Planning Commission suggest poverty declined by 24.6 percentage points from 57.2 per cent in 2004-05 to 32.6 per cent in 2011-12.
Odisha has abundant natural resources: a fifth of Indias coal, a quarter of its iron ore, a third of its bauxite reserve and most of its chromite. Extractive industries, IT and medium and small enterprises dominate the industrial sector.
Due to its sub-tropical coastal location, Odisha is prone to tropical cyclones and floods as well as regular drought and floods, making it the disaster capital of India. While responding to disasters places a financial burden on the state, this feature has enabled it to fine tune its disaster management plans and systems. This was evident in the careful planning that contained the impact and aftermath of Cyclone Phailin which struck the Odisha coast in October 2013. Odisha received international acclaim for its efforts, and these practices have now become the hallmark of managing similar disasters.
In the past decade, Odisha has also witnessed a rise in insurgency by left wing extremists, also known as Naxalites or Maoists. This has significantly impacted the delivery of services to marginalized and vulnerable populations in Naxal-dominated areas.
Reducing maternal deaths and deaths of children aged less than five years continues to be a priority for the state. The under-five mortality rate has declined and stood at 68 deaths per 1000 live births in the Indian Census Sample Registration System (SRS) in 2012. With an increasing number of institutional deliveri
Challenges and Opportunities
Odisha has the second highest proportion of scheduled caste and tribal people in India, and these communities constitute almost half of the states poor. There continue to be significant differences in the socio-economic conditions as well as the delivery of services between the tribal and non-tribal districts. Geographical inaccessibility, social disparities, a shortage of skilled workers and a lack of communication and overall development hamper effective service delivery in tribal areas.
Despite consistent reductions on the indicator, Odisha still has the third highest infant mortality rate in India. Almost 70 pe
UNICEF in Action
UNICEF interventions focus on strengthening the implementation of central and state government schemes to reach the most marginalized and vulnerable children and women. Under the current UNICEF country programme (2013-2017), a strategic shift is being made from field-level implementation to improving programme effectiveness at the state level.
UNICEF partners with a number of stakeholders including government, civil society organizations, academia, media and legislatures in order to:
Improve the quality of delivery of health services through capacity development, system strengthening, evidence based policy advocacy, monitoring and supportive supervision.
UNICEF supports the Reproductive and Child Health programme in: routine immunization, community and facility-based maternal and child care, adolescent health as we