Introduction

Tamil Nadu is one of Indias most progressive states, ranking in the top three on several economic and social indicators. It ranks third in terms of industrial development and fifth in terms of GDP. Tamil Nadus indicators are higher compared to other states and the countrys national average in literacy (80 per cent ), the sex ratio (995 females per 1,000 males), (98 per cent) institutional health coverage and in terms of enrolment in primary education (100 per cent). Tamil Nadu is also the most urbanized state with an urban population of 48.45 per cent, according to the 2011 census. Tamil Nadu has a child population of 6.8 million, with 10 per cent of children in the 0-6 age group. Over the years, the state has adopted progressive child and women policies by introducing path-breaking social policy interventions. Perhaps the best known example is the noon meal scheme introduced in schools in the early 1960s. The scheme was a pioneering effort to protect children from hunger and increase enrolment, thereby stemming drop-out in primary schools. Despite Tamil Nadus high standing on many development parameters, many challenges remain. Caste and gender-related poverty issues are prominent and these have a direct impact on the vulnerability of children. Within Tamil Nadu, regional and social disparities pose a great problem for children in some regions and in socially excluded communities such as scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and other highly disadvantaged communities. UNICEF started work in Tamil Nadu four decades ago. Over this period, it has collaborated with the Government of Tamil Nadu and civil society organizations, academic institutions and the media to actively pursue central issues of child survival, growth and development and child protection. ... Read More...

Challenges and Opportunities
More than 30 per cent of children in Tamil Nadu aged under 5 years are underweight, raising serious concerns about their healthy growth and development. More than 30 per cent of adolescent girls (1519 years) and half of pregnant women (15-19 years) are anaemic. Only 52 per cent of children are exclusively breastfed for six months. The Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) in Tamil Nadu is 22deaths per 1000 live births. Although this is lower than the national average, almost three quarters of infant deaths in the state occur within 28 days of birth and 77 per cent of neonatal deaths occur within the first seven days of ... Read More...
UNICEF in Action
UNICEFs efforts in Tamil Nadu are leading to a range of positive outcomes for the states children. More than 10,000 children who were being exploited in cotton seed production have been rescued and supported back into the mainstream through an Integrated Child Protection Project model, a donor-driven programme aiming to eliminate child labour through an integrated approach, implemented in partnership with the district administrations in Salem and Dharmapuri districts. Along with the state government, UNICEF initiated a process to set up state, district and village level child protection structures related to the Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS). UNICEFs WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) programme is supporting the Government of Tamil Nadu in achieving the MDG Goal for sustainable safe drinking water, basic sanitat ... Read More...
 
 
 
 
 
 
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