With a population of 49.4 million (Census 2011) Andhra Pradesh is the tenth largest state by population in India. With a growth rate of 6.25 per cent, (Govt. of AP (2010) and Census 2011, 2004-2011) Andhra Pradesh faces several challenges in the social sphere. There are two regions in the state namely Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema. These two regions comprise 13 districts, with nine in Coastal Andhra and four in Rayalaseema.
The state has been able to create a platform for women’s economic participation through self-help groups and over 500,000 groups are functioning across districts, the full potential of the social capital generated has not been harnessed to impact the key social development indicators for children. These include all children in school, reduced malnutrition, infant mortality rate, maternal mortality ratio, improved age at marriage and other health and hygiene practices.