UNICEF's Reproductive and Child Health programme in the state aims to reduce the maternal and under five mortality rates through various initiatives that support the effective implementation of National Health Mission (NHM). UNICEF is the lead development partner to support implementation of RMNCH+A strategy in four High Priority Districts (HPDs) of Kadapa, Kurnool, Vishakhapatnam and Vizianagaram.
UNICEF is supporting the government of Andhra Pradesh in rolling out new vaccines- Measles-Rubella, Inactivated Polio Vaccines and Rotavirus. Apart from this UNICEF is actively involved in communication campaigns and cold chain strengthening for ensuring quality of vaccines.
UNICEF's Child Development and Nutrition (CDN) aims to reduce stunting and under nutrition among infants and young children. The focus is on the promotion of appropriate infant and young child feeding practices, including micro nutrient supplementation, treatment and management of severe acute malnutrition and food fortification.
UNICEF's Education programme in Andhra Pradesh seeks to provide a learning environment where girls and boys have equal access to and take advantage of quality education services. Through the programme, UNICEF is committed to ensuring that all children, irrespective of their socio-economic standing, gender or ethnicity are treated at par and not denied quality education.
UNICEF's Child Protection programme in Andhra Pradesh seeks to provide vulnerable children an environment that is safe for them to live in and free from abuse, neglect, violence and exploitation. The UNICEF cooperation in Andhra Pradesh focuses on actions relating to enforcement of laws, protecting children from hazardous labour, child marriage, trafficking and other forms of exploitation. Towards this it works with the police, judiciary, labour, education and woman and child development departments. Jointly with local authorities CSOs, and communities, UNICEF works to enhance community awareness and action to promote and protect children's rights.
The UNICEF cooperation on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in Andhra Pradesh focuses on hygiene awareness, elimination of open defecation and ensuring clean and safe drinking water to communities.
a) UNICEF is working in improving the labour room facilities at government hospitals and standardising them by following protocols. Improved labour rooms have helped in reducing newborn and maternal deaths. UNICEF has collaborated with the Andhra Pradesh government to set up 26 Special Newborn Care Units (SNCUs) and 95 Newborn Stabilization Units in government hospitals. UNICEF has focussed its efforts on saving preterm newborns by supporting and operationalising Kangaroo Mother Care and CPAP Non-invasive ventilation. SNCUs have a centralised online system to monitor performance.
b) UNICEF works with the State AIDS Control Society to strengthen implementation of Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission of HIV (PPTCT) programme. UNICEF assists the state in improving the quality of PPTCT and paediatric HIV programmes and support the roll out of a more effective multi-drug PPTCT regimen.
c) Assisting state government in adding 736 state- of- the art intensive care beds for neonatal care in public health facilities, almost all of which are now functional.
a) UNICEF provides technical support to the state government in implementing ‘Nutrition Mission.’ Nutrition Mission aims at improving food intake of mother and child during the first 1,000 days of life, a period also known as the “window of opportunity.” The 1,000 days start from the pregnancy and lasts till the child’s second birthday. Nutrition Mission is working with the objective to reduce childhood stunting by 40 per cent and limiting wasting to less than 5 per cent in children under 5 years of age.
b) Pregnant and lactating women receive a full meal through Anna Amrutha Hastham across Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) projects with the objective of reducing low birth weight and stunting. A total of 745,100 pregnant and lactating mothers receive one full meal in all 257 projects.
c) UNICEF works to improve the quality of nutrition services through review, use and monitoring of protocols on the management of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM); scaling up of care standards for children with SAM and stepping up efforts on improving infant and young child feeding.
d) UNICEF uses data for action by supporting the Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) and National Health Mission (NHM) in setting up and using a robust management information system on nutrition.Education:
a) Formation of a ‘Right to Education Cell’ within the State Education Department to support the implementation of RTE along with working on modifications and adaptations of the Act to state Rules; including procuring Cabinet approvals. Forming RTE Task Force to monitor sanitation facilities provided in schools.
b) Materials on inclusive learning to implement a common school readiness for teachers and Anganwadi workers have been developed in collaboration with Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and Department of Women and Child Development (DWCD).
c) Formulation of specific mechanisms to address vulnerable children especially in the tribal areas through communication in English, career guidance, formation of collectives and teacher empowerment and knowledge enhancement for classroom efficiency.
d) Empowerment of teachers and children on issues of health, hygiene, life skills education, development and use of digital contents by teachers.
e) Empowerment of teachers and children on issues of health, hygiene, life skills education, anaemia and nutrition of BC welfare departments in Andhra Pradesh.
a) Strengthened the implementation of the child protection programmes by building the capacities of Child Welfare Committees (CWCs), Special Juvenile Police Units (SJPUs) and Juvenile Justice Boards (JJBs).
b) Child protection staff at the state and district level, NGOs and staff from the departments of Labour, Education, Juvenile Welfare and Women and Children is better equipped with the knowledge and skills to address child protection issues leading to enhanced inter departmental collaboration.
c) Community groups in Visakhapatnam district have been brought together and empowered to intervene and prevent child marriage, child abuse, labour and trafficking.
d) About 30,000 adolescent girls, village vigilance groups and Child Protection Committees increasingly prevent cases of child abuse and exploitation, providing a safe environment for children.
a) District Collectors of five districts of Andhra Pradesh have panned to make their district achieve ODF status after attending a workshop conducted by UNICEF.
b) A robust Community Approaches to Sanitation (CATS) training programme in seven districts of AP has resulted in reaching out to Gram Panchayats and orienting them on the importance of sanitation.
c) A partnership was facilitated with Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty (SERP) who is managing ‘Women’s Self Help Groups’ across the state. Existing communication materials have been contextualized and circulated to all the 200,000 women’s groups across the state. This has helped the state to accelerate sanitation coverage in all the districts.
d) The state has been supported with 2 consultants to support state fund management system called eFMS (Electronic Fund Management System). This system ensures that the government incentive directly reaches the beneficiary bank account in a short period of time.
e) Access to toilet increased from 39% to 50% (11% increase in 12 months) 3.8 million new toilet users (January- December 2017) and 384 villages have achieved ODF status.