UNICEF in Action(Bihar)

Child Survival

  • Institutionalising quality assurance mechanism for all Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) activities at all health care facilities suchas district hospitals, sub-district hospitals and public health centres.
  • Supporting establishment of Special New Born Care Units (SNCUs) and Newborn Care Corners (NBCC) to improve childhood illness treatment and reduce neonatal mortality.  
  • Facilitating operationalization of Bihar Vaccine and Logistics Online Management System (BVLMS) across the state.
  • Strengthening web-based real time Health Management Information System (HMIS) and Mother and Child Tracking System (MCTS).
  • Improving Community Based Newborn Care (CBNC) by strengthening Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) and revitalizingIntegrated Management of Newborn and Child Illnesses (IMNCI).
  • Supporting the State government in roll-out of RMNCHA in two focus districts – Gaya and Purnea and in the GAVI-HSS initiative for enhancing Routine Immunization coverage  
  • Strengthening a supportive supervision system for effective implementation of Village Health and Nutrition Days (VHND) outreach services.
  • HIV-AIDS: Strengthening the single window system of HIV testing of PW and ICTC/PPTCT services

Nutrition

  • Supporting the development of State Nutrition Policy, incorporating the state Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) Strategy, in the Mission Manav Vikas Roadmap and Plan of Action.
  • Building partnerships with academic institutions, state training institutions, other development partners and NGOs on essential nutrition interventions.
  • Supporting the state in initiating supportive supervision models for various national programmes for nutrition with focus on the RMNCH+A districts
  • Supporting the state in strengthening micronutrient programmes with a focus on planning and implementing two quality vitamin A supplementation rounds in the state.
  • Supporting the scaling up of Nutrition Rehabilitation Centres (NRCs) for facility-based management of children with severe acute malnutrition as per the national guidelines.
  • Supporting the state in developing and disseminating a State Infant and Young Child Nutrition (IYCN) communication strategy and communication materials.

Education

  • Partnering with the government to implement Right to Education (RTE) provisions through analysis of District Information System for Education (DISE) data, Policy Planning and Evaluation (PPE) documentation of best practices with respect to Child-Friendly Schools (CFS), Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) and School Sanitation and Hygiene Education (SSHE).
  • Assisting the government to increase capacity to provide equitable access to quality Early Childhood Education (ECE) through ECE Policy, curriculum and state-specific quality standards.
  • Enabling key stakeholders to increase access to secondary education for adolescents with a focus on reducing gender and social disparities.
  • Supporting SCERT (State Council for Educational Research and Training) in  strengthening the Open Distance Learning programme to train teachers through material development, monitoring and academic support.
  • Developing guidelines for care and protection in Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya (KGBV), educational facilities for girls belonging to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes, minority communities and families below the poverty line in Educationally Backward Blocks, and Maharashtra Prathamik Shiksha Pratishthan (MPSP).
  • Facilitating a maths learning improvement programme for KGBV schools and upper primary schools.
  • Providing support for Class 8 to 10 remedial lessons.
  • Monitoring support in the formation and training of School Management Committees (SMCs) as per new guidelines, and lending technical support to develop a strategy and plan for Children with Special Needs (CWSN).

Child Protection

  • The rollout of the Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) by the Department of Social Welfare has gained momentum in the state with UNICEF’s support and has resulted in setting up of child protection structures and mechanisms at state level and in all districts of Bihar –  These includeDistrict Child Protection Units (DCPUs), Child Welfare Committees, (CWC), Juvenile Justice Boards, Special Juvenile Police (SJPU), Anti Human Trafficking Unit (AHTU, Child Care Institutions (CCIs) and schemes such as ‘Parvarish’ – a foster care scheme launched by the Government of Bihar.
  • Technical support to the state government in the formation, capacity building and operationalization of Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) systems and mechanisms.
  • Supporting the Bihar Police in strengthening the Special Juvenile Police Units (SJPU) at the state level (as a nodal agency) and in districts through capacity development of Juvenile / Child Welfare Officers on child protection issues.
  • Facilitating the formation of Child Protection Committees at Sub-district and Gram Panchayat levels.
  • Technical support in developing a communication strategy on the prevention of child marriage in two identified districts, challenging social norms and practices.
  • Capacity development of all key stakeholders in the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POSCO)Act.
  • Developing an institution-building process in partnership with the Department of Social Welfare and the Development Management Institute (DMI) for capacity development of mid-level functionaries to develop child protection cadre in the state.
  • Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
  • Providing technical support tostrengthen and build capacityin state institutions through bottleneck analysis, hiring human resources and training.
  • Demonstrating Nirmal Bharat Abhiyaan (NBA)and Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS) convergence modalities.
  • Facilitating the establishment of knowledge sharing and learning mechanisms to improve Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in Bihar.
  • Technical support to the state in formulating and operationalizingthe Bihar Sanitation Hygiene Advocacy and Communication Strategy (B-SHACS) andthe strategy on Panchayat Raj Institutionsand leading theRural Water Scheme (RWS) service delivery and water quality mitigation.
  • Supporting infrastructure development and strengthening monitoring
  • to bridge Operations and Maintenance (O&M) gaps in implementing the WASH strategies in schools.

Polio

  • Supporting the state initiative on polio eradication which led to Bihar becoming polio-free since Sept 2010.
  • The polio programme’s current focus is on maintaining the polio-free status and preventing the importation of wild polio virus from endemic and re-infected countries.
  • Facilitating Social Mobilization Network (SMNet) support to polio to focus on Routine Immunization and accelerate full immunization coverage.
  • Support convergent activities under RMNCH+A, Nutrition and WASH.

Disaster Risk Reduction

  • Institutionalizing a Multi-Hazard Vulnerability Mapping (MHVM) system to enable risk- aware development planning and developing Guidance Notes to mainstream Disaster Risk Reduction in the state government’s sectoral plans.
  • Community resilience-building through Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR) in 250-plus villages in six multi-hazard prone districts of Bihar.
  • School Safety programme is being scaled-up in UNICEF intervention districts in 850-plus schools in partnership with the Education Department at district level. Technical assistance being provided to Education Department in developing a implementation plan for Mukhyamantri School Safety Programme (MSSP), through which School Safety programme will be implemented in all Bihar schools and integration of DRR into education curricula.
  • Capacity development of District Disaster Management Authorities (DDMAs) for effective functioning and scaling- up GIS (Geographic Information System)-based District Disaster Management Planning process.
  • Institutionalizing the Bihar Inter Agency Group (IAG), which is a platform for coordination among national and international NGOS, the Red Cross and UN agencies as well  as the State Disaster Management Authority (SDMA), the Disaster Management Department and other relevant line departments to ensure effective Emergency, Preparedness, Response and Disaster Risk Reduction.
 
 
 
 
 
 
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