UNICEF in Action(Jharkhand)

Child Survival

  • Provide technical support to government of Jharkhand in the implementation of RMNCH+A strategyboth at state level and four high priority districts to reduce child and maternal mortality rates.
  • Support Government to set up Special Care Newborn Units (SCNUs) for care of sick and low birth weight new borns. Technical support is being provided for setting up New Born Care Corners (NBCC)and New Born Stabilization Units (NBSUs) at hospitals
  • Strengthen skills of ANMs to treat, counsel and refer sick newborns and children under 5 years in the Integrated Management of Newborn & Childhood illness (IMNCI). Over 19,000 workers (ANM, LHV and AWW) trained on IMNCI.
  • Strengthen skills of Sahiyya (ASHA) for home visits in Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) though supportive supervision by the Sahiyya Sathi. 36,000 Sahiyyas are trained for HBNC.
  • Provide technical support for full immunization of infants through micro planning, strengthening cold chain system, monitoring, supervision and data validation. Support for immunizing children andpregnant women in 1700 geographically hard to reach areas in the state.
  • Support to conduct Maternal Death Review (MDR) and Infant Death Reviews (IDR) through community based and facility based team of investigators in 24 districts.
  • Provide technical support for assessment and operationalization of delivery points level 1-2-3 and First Referral Units (FRUs) for improving maternal and child health services. 52 FRUs are planned.
  • Support to JSACS in building capacity of medical doctors on HIV care, treatment and prevention. 


  • Strengthen nutrition governance through establishment of Nutrition Council.
  • Strengthen monitoring and quality assurance of Malnutrition Treatment Centres (MTC) in all districts (total 77 Centres, 2-4 per district) for treatment of children with severe and acute malnutrition (SAM),at facility level. In 2009-10, UNICEF Jharkhand supported National Rural Health Mission to pilot MTCs in 7 districts. The intervention was gradually scaled up by NRHM through its own resources.
  • Provide technical support to pilot community based management of severe and acute malnutrition.
  • The pilot has been completed by the Department of Women and Child Development, in one block of Ranchi district.
  • Support Weekly Iron Folic Acid Supplementation (WIFS) Programme to cover 3.1 million adolescent girls (in-school and out-of-school) and 2 million boys (in-school).
  • Support bi-annual Vitamin-A supplementation along with deworming, for children in the age group of 6-59 months.
  • Promote and strengthen infant and young child feeding practices at health facilities and community level through community based networks.
  • Promote universal salt iodization in partnership with salt traders’ association and government departments.
  • Strengthen information systems of the government departments to improve service delivery of essential nutrition interventions. Provide technical support to develop reporting and monitoring software for WIFS, MTCs and Bi-annual Vitamin - A supplementation.


  • Set up RTE cell in Jharkhand Education Project Council (JEPC) for planning, material development, capacity building and monitoring.
  • Strengthened activity based learning (ABL) in schools in 4 districts and tribal welfare/ National Child Labour project (NCLP) schools.
  • Assisted in developing curriculum for pre-school education, school and teacher education, first time in the State.
  • Supported capacity building of district and sub-district authorities and School Management Committee (SMC)/PRI members under RTE. Trained school authorities of all welfare schools to make the schools RTE compliant.
  • Assisted in developing and reviewing Early Childhood Care and Education (ECCE) curriculum, kit, academic calendar, theme books, picture dictionaries in 9 languages, ECCE policy, and ECCE training package for anganwadis. New pre-school education programme is being piloted in one district.
  • Supported development of school preparedness package (Ankur) for school readiness of children in class I and training of all primary school teachers on use of Ankur.
  • Demonstrated child friendly schools in 1500 schools in 14 districts with child cabinet, child reporters, ABL, SMC, school garden and library in the schools.
  • Developed IEC material on RTE (160 songs, 112 scripts, 5 films, 13 posters; RTE booklet in 12 major languages) for social mobilization.
  • Supported study on language diversity in the State, developed language maps and strengthened M-TALL cell in the Jharkhand Tribal Welfare Research Institute to promote mother tongue based education in anganwadi centers and primary schools.
  • Support Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) of students in two districts.
  • Demonstrated children’s Early Reading and Arithmetic Skills acquisition programme ‘Ab Padhna Pakka’ in three districts for 20,000 children in 500 schools. Now the ‘Buniyad-Ab Padhna Pakka’ programme runs in 40,000 primary schools of the state for 20 lakh children in classes I & II.

 Child Protection 

  • Support government in roll out of Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) – recruitment under ICPS for posts at state/district level, capacity building of functionaries, provide supportive supervision for implementation and monitoring of ICPS at state and district level.
  • Support child friendly police stations program statewide in partnership with Jharkhand police.
  • Partnership with JHALSA to spread legal awareness on child protection related legislations through camps and capacity building of para legal volunteers of special acts related to protection of children.
  • Advocacy for strengthening Juvenile Justice Committee in High Court.
  • Partnership with NGOs and civil societies to strengthen child protection initiatives (district need assessment, district child protection action plan, formation of child protection committees, support implementation of the state action plan to eliminate child labour, building capacities of NGO partners on CP, etc).
  • Sensitization and awareness campaigns launched to stop child labour and promote education; support missing child registration helpline.
  • Reach adolescents, service providers and duty bearers with information on protecting them from violence, exploitation and HIV.
  • Capacity building programs for the duty bearers (Child Welfare Officers/police, judicial officers, Child Marriage Prohibition Officers, Child Welfare Committee, Juvenile Justice Board, doctors, PRIs, etc) on child protection.
  • Developed State Plan of Action for protection of children and women from violence and sexual exploitation and continue advocacy for its implementation.
  • Program advocacy and technical support – effective implementation of provisions under Juvenile Justice (JJ) Act and other child protection legislations, guidelines under Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, guidelines for child protection committees under ICPS, guidelines for registration of child care residential institutions under JJ Act, guidelines for police to deal with different categories of children in need of care and protection and children in conflict with law

 Water, Sanitation and Hygiene 

  • Demonstrate implementation of Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) with community processes leading to open defecation free (ODF) villages. Based on the experience of UNICEF’s demonstration, the State Sanitation Policy has been developed. Building capacity of Panchayats and Village Water and Sanitation Committees is also being done.
  • Provide technical support to Drinking Water & Sanitation department to develop a communication strategy for NBA.
  • Facilitate model community based mini piped water supply schemes in 16 sites spread across 7 districts. Provide technical support to the communities for water security, construction of water supply system, water harvesting and operation and maintenance of the system. Fifteen more schemes have been taken up in East Singhbhum. Based on this experience a standard operating procedure (SOP) for water security in the state is being developed.
  • Build capacity of Water Sanitation Support Organisation (WSSO)/District Programme Management Unit (DPMU)/Block Resource Centre (BRC) and PRI members on NBA and rural drinking water programme (NRDWP).
  • Demonstrate inclusive wash infrastructure in school as per RTE guidelines; also support in developing state level policy guidelines on wash infrastructure in schools.
  • Promote hand washing with soap and hygiene practices among children in all anganwadis and schools in the state.
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