Located in India’s south-west, Karnataka is the eighth largest state by area and ninth largest by population. It comprises of three main geographical zones - a coastal region, a hilly region covering the Western Ghats and a region covering plains of the Deccan plateau.
Due to its impressive economic growth over the last two decades Karnataka has brought in considerable improvements by investing in the areas of social development, such as health and education. However, North Karnataka with a significant population of scheduled caste / scheduled tribe /and minority population continue to lag behind on human development and reports high incidence of child labour, child marriage and child trafficking. Rapid urbanization of Bengaluru, Mysuru and other smaller cities accelerated migration of adults and children from North Karnataka and other states into these centers, increasing children’s vulnerability. Large number of child care institutions and children in them is an area of concern.