UNICEF’s Reproductive and Child Health programme in the state aims to reduce the maternal, newborn, infant, under-five mortality rates and spread of HIV infection from mother to child. It focuses on the strengthening of the healthcare system, routine immunisation, facility-based newborn care, home-based newborn care. UNICEF is the lead development partner to support implementation of RMNCH+A strategy in four High Priority Districts (HPDs) of Koppal, Raichur, Ballari, Gadag, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga), Yadgir, Vijayapura (Bijapur) and Bagalkote.
UNICEF is supporting the government of Karnataka in rolling out new vaccines- Measles-Rubella, Inactivated Polio Vaccines and Rotavirus. Apart from this UNICEF is actively involved in communication campaigns and cold chain strengthening for ensuring quality of vaccines.
The Child Development and Nutrition (CDN) programme seeks to address under nutrition among infants and young children. CDN focuses on actions that tackle nutrient deprivation in children, wasting, stunting and underweight issues. UNICEF supports nutrition supplementation, treatment and management of severe acute malnutrition, food fortification, and promotion of appropriate infant and young child feeding practices.
UNICEF’s Education programme in Telangana aims to provide a learning environment where girls and boys have equal access to and take advantage of quality education services. Through the program, UNICEF is committed to ensuring that all children, irrespective of their socio-economic standing, gender or ethnicity are treated equally and not denied quality education.
Efforts by the State in addressing issues of child protection include, State Action Plans for the elimination of child marriages, robust alternative care programmes and implementation of Juvenile Justice Act. Convergence and integration of the police training and policing with child friendly and gender sensitive interventions has been a model for the country. The state has taken proactive steps to institutionalize the structures under Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) and has built the capacity of the stakeholders to respond to the current and emerging challenges in child protection.
The UNICEF cooperation in Karnataka also focuses on promoting better hygiene practices, eliminating open defecation and ensuring clean and safe drinking water in the communities as well as in schools and Anganwadis (government day care centres).
UNICEF initiatives include
a) Special Newborn Care Units (SNCUs) have been set-up in all 30 districts of Karnataka. Currently, the State Government is in the process of improving the quality of newborn care in all public sector health facilities.
b) Conducting assessments and monitoring of Facility Based Newborn Care (FBNC) across all public sector health facilities in the state to improve newborn care services.
c) Karnataka has begun to implementation of multi-drug Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission (PPTCT) regimens (from September 2012). About 94 per cent of HIV-infected pregnant women accessing antenatal care (ANC) are linked to Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) services. Strengthening PPTCT and paediatric HIV services through collaboration with Indira Gandhi Institute of Child Health (IGICH).
d) A PHC in Kalaburagi was funded and technically supported by UNICEF to set up a Model labour room. Following this, on request by the district authorities, 23 other facilities were assessed and action plans were shared. The state is investing in improving other facilities across the state.
e) Measles- Rubella campaign was successfully launched and implemented in the state covering 15.8 million children between the ages of (98.83%) 9 months- 15 years
f) SNCU Kolar was facilitated and mentored for NNF accreditation. Now, three more SNCUs have been selected for mentoring.
a) UNICEF is supporting the development of a revised nutrition policy as well as scaling-up essential nutritional interventions to prevent under nutrition and micronutrient deficiencies among children and mothers.
b) Working to improve the quality of nutrition services through review, use and monitoring of protocols on the management of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM); scaling up of care standards for children with SAM and stepping up efforts on improving Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF).
c) Using data for action by supporting the Integrated Child Development Scheme (ICDS) and National Rural Health Mission (NHRM) to set up and use a robust management information system on nutrition.
d) Providing about 5 million, or 90 per cent, of children below five years of age with two doses of vitamin A supplementation.
e) The state is catering to around 42 lakh adolescent girls and boys through Weekly Iron Folic Acid Supplementation (WIFS) programme for adolescent girls in and out of schools. Providing technical support in training 11,610 health workers and 120,740 teachers in the state in good nutrition practices.
f) Supporting the state in building a resource pool of 70 ‘Masters’ to build capacities of front line workers on IYCF in four model areas in the Raichur, Koppal, Gulbarga and Mysore districts. State Institute of Health and Family Welfare has trained 150 master trainers to cover whole state.
g) The State had launched ‘Mathrupoorna,’ a hot meal programme for pregnant and nursing mothers covering 36,500 beneficiaries from four pilot blocks of Karnataka. 70 master trainers and 5,250 front line functionaries were trained on rolling out of the scheme. This scheme will be scaled up across the state in 2017.
a) Following development and cabinet approval of child safety framework for educational institutions, supporting divisional level training of education department personnel.
b) 17 million dollars annually has been committed for developing and monitoring strategies of Nali Kali(Joyful Learning) to make them more robust.
c) Nali Kali method of English teaching now geared up for demonstration; subsequent to development of materials.
d) Working towards bridging learning gaps in disadvantaged students, particularly girls and children belonging to the Scheduled Caste (SC), Scheduled Tribe (ST) and minority groups and the working and urban poor Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGVBs).
a) UNICEF supports the state and districts by strengthening child protection units through the Government's Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS). The work includes preparation of district child protection plans and setting up monitoring systems to protect children.
b) Provides focused intervention to community groups to empower them to act against incidents of child labour, child trafficking, child marriage and child abuse within the framework of child protection.
c) Partners with police department to establish State Juvenile Police Units in all districts and assign Child Welfare Officers to all police stations. Organized approaches are also made to institutionalize child-friendly policing.
d) Partnering in the roll out of the Gender and Child Sensitization Training Module across the state. The module was developed and piloted by UNICEF and gained momentum with support from the Home Department. This UNICEF-Government of Karnataka training module has now been adopted across other states such as Meghalaya, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
e) Strengthening preventive interventions for child protection through the formation of community structures and groups such as Child Protection Committees, Village Vigilance Groups in addition to the self-help groups.
a) UNICEF support to 55 schools in Karnataka on hand washing training has been scaled up to of 49,837 schools in the state in which all children in these schools were made to wash hands at a time from 12.30pm to 12.45pm before Mid-day meal and 36,25,379 children have washed their hands to make a mark.
b) The state of Karnataka is progressing in line with Swach Bharth targets and planning was done accordingly. To strengthen the institutional set up at state level, UNICEF has been extending support by providing a technical consultant to advocate with the department for accelerating the sanitation coverage in line with Government of India targets.
c) The Department of Mid-Day Meal with support of UNICEF prepared a handbook for Cook Cum Helpers training. 499 Master Resource Persons were trained state wide for training of 0.11 million Cook Cum Helpers. In selected 15 districts 825 school head masters have been trained on the importance of hand washing and technical aspects of Hand Washing Stations construction.
d) UNICEF’s direct support to Centre For Environment Education and Department of education out of 55 schools 17 schools have reached three star level including effective Menstrual Hygiene Management training for 344 girls from 17 schools.