In Telangana, UNICEF's Reproductive and Child Health (RCH) programme is designed to reduce the maternal, newborn, infant, under five mortality rates and the rate of HIV infection. This effort is being carried out through various initiatives that support effective implementation of the National Health Mission (NHM). UNICEF is the lead development partner to support the implementation of RMNCH+A strategy in two High Priority Districts (HPDs) of Adilabad and Mahbubnagar.
UNICEF is supporting the government of Telangana in rolling out new vaccines- Measles-Rubella, Inactivated Polio Vaccine and Rotavirus. Apart from this UNICEF is actively involved in communication campaigns and cold chain strengthening for ensuring quality of vaccines.
UNICEF’s Child Development and Nutrition (CDN) programme seeks to address under nutrition among infants and young children. The programme focuses on first 1000 days of a child’s life. Special focus is also on to improve the health of adolescents. UNICEF takes action on tackling all forms of malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies, nutrient deprivation in children, wasting, stunting and underweight issues. UNICEF supports promotion of appropriate infant and young child feeding practices, including nutrition supplementation, treatment and management of severe acute malnutrition and food fortification.
The UNICEF cooperation in Child Protection (CP) seeks to provide vulnerable children an environment that is safe for them to live in and free from abuse, neglect, violence and exploitation. It focuses on actions relating to enforcement of laws, protecting children from hazardous labour, child marriage, trafficking and other forms of exploitation. Towards this, it works with the police, judiciary, labour, education and woman and child development departments. Jointly with CSOs, local authorities and communities; UNICEF works to enhance community awareness and action to promote and protect children's rights.
UNICEF’s Education programme in Telangana aims to provide a learning environment where girls and boys have equal access to and take advantage of quality education services. Through the program, UNICEF is committed to ensuring that all children, irrespective of their socio-economic standing, gender or ethnicity are treated equally and not denied quality education.
The UNICEF cooperation on Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) in Telangana focuses on hygiene awareness, elimination of open defecation and ensuring clean and safe drinking water and promoting the building and use of toilet facilities.
a) UNICEF is supporting the state in improving the labour room facilities at government hospitals and standardising them by following protocols. Improved labour rooms have helped in reducing newborn and maternal deaths. UNICEF has focussed its efforts on saving preterm newborns by supporting and operationalising Kangaroo Mother Care and CPAP Non-invasive ventilation. Special Newnborn Care Units (SNCUs) have a centralised online system to monitor performance.
b) UNICEF works with the Telangana state AIDS Control Society to assess to build capacity and support Prevention of Parent to Child Transmission of HIV (PPTCT) programs. An effective multi-drug PPTCT regimen has been rolled out in the state and HIV infected pregnant women have been linked to Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) services.
a) UNICEF provides technical support to the Telangana government in strengthening systems and flagship programme. It does so by planning cost effective, evidence-based, high impact interventions and developing capacity in service providers.
b) UNICEF works to improve the quality of nutrition services through review, use and monitoring of protocols on the management of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM); scaling up of care standards for children with SAM and stepping up efforts on improving maternal infant and young child feeding.
c) A total of 3,87,839 pregnant and lactating women receive a full meal through Arogya Lakshmi across 149 Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) projects with the objective of reducing low birth weight and stunting.
d) Around 2.3 million children below the age of five years receive vitamin A and Iron supplements.
e) Iodized salt is made available to the public through Public Distribution System in fair-price shops.
f) UNICEF provides technical support and assistance for Supervised Supplementary Feeding of severely malnourished, severely undernourished and moderate acute malnourished children.Education
a) Formation of a “Right to Education Cell” within the State Education Department to support the state with implementation of RTE along with working on modifications and adaptations of the Act to fit in to state Rules including procuring Cabinet approvals; Forming Task Force to monitor sanitation facilities provided in schools.
b) Materials on inclusive learning to implement a common school readiness for teachers and Anganwadi workers have been developed in collaboration with Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) and Department of Women and Child Development (DWCD) with technical support from National Institute of Mental Health (NIHM).
c) Empowerment of teachers and children on issues of health, hygiene, life skills education, anaemia and nutrition of BC welfare departments in Telangana.
d) Special coaching and learning activities for migrant children through summer schools.
e) Training of all personnel up to the level of Mid-day Meal cooks on Standard Operating Procedures in Telangana.
f) Development of digital content for use in classroom by teachers and students.
a) Strengthened the implementation of the child protection programmes by building capacities of Child Welfare Committees (CWCs), Special Juvenile Police Units (SJPUs) and Juvenile Justice Boards (JJBs).
b) Child protection staff at the state and district level, NGOs and staff from the departments of Labour, Education, Juvenile Welfare and Women and Children is better equipped with the knowledge and skills to address child protection issues leading to enhanced inter departmental collaboration.
c) Community groups in two districts – Wanaparthy and Khammam have been brought together and empowered to intervene and prevent child marriage, child abuse, labour and trafficking.
d) About 5,000 adolescent girls, village vigilance groups and Child Protection Committees increasingly prevent cases of child abuse and exploitation, providing a safe environment for children.
e) Partner with the labour department to develop state action plan for the elimination of child and adolescent labour.
f) Partner with Police department on child and gender sensitive policing and capacity building on laws relating to children.
a) District level Community Approaches to Sanitation (CATS) training programmes have been conducted, resulting in creating a resource pool of 60 members. A dedicated team of 42 volunteers, supported by UNICEF conducted various triggering programs in the selected villages. Out of targeted 18 sub-districts, 11 sub-districts have achieved Open Defecation Free (ODF) status.
b) In Medak district, a pool of 500 frontline workers was trained through 65 trainers who initiated village level demand generation programs through an NGO- network MEDVAN. This resulted in achieving and declaring 133 villages achieve ODF status.
c) Developed partnership with Adult Literacy wing (SRC) with a grass root cadre of 21,000 village-level workers.
d) A new partnership with Fluoride Knowledge Action Network (FKAN) and District Administration, Nalgonda has been developed for Fluoride Mitigation activities. DFMC (District Fluoride Monitoring Centre) in Nalgonda has been revamped, and the annual action plan has been reviewed 4 times in the year. A Training Need Assessment (TNA) has been conducted with village leaders (Sarpanches) to know their present knowledge, attitudes and practice. All village leaders will be trained on Fluoride Mitigation during the year 2017.
e) Access to toilets increased from 33% to 44.8% (12% increase in 12 months). 2.04 million new toilet users were added in the year 2016 (January- December 2016) and 832 villages have achieved Open Defecation Free (ODF) status.