UNICEF in Action(Uttar Pradesh)

UNICEF is supporting the Government of UP in addressing key concerns, from improving the reach of routine immunization programmes to the creation of care units for sick newborns at district hospitals. It is partnering in the creation of Nutrition Rehabilitation Centres and the extensive training of health workers to properly identify and treat common childhood diseases.

UNICEF is helping build protective environments through raising awareness amongst various stakeholders and communities about child rights. It also has a focus on supporting the government on the rollout of the Right to Education Act, to address issues of access to education for all children.

Protection of children from vulnerable and marginalized groups is another key area for UNICEF. UNICEF has carried out a substantial amount of work in UP to change attitudes, behaviours and practices that impact children.

UNICEF initiatives include:

Child Survival

  • New Born Survival and Care: Improving facility-based newborn care and home-based newborn care; developing the capacity of health workers; establishing Sick Newborn Care Units; and strengthening labour rooms in district and sub distric thospitals.
  • Immunization: Planning efficient immunization sessions; monitoring immunization sessions; and increasing awareness amongst parents to generate demand for immunization.
  • Diarrhoea Management: Increasing awareness amongst parents and health workers about use of oral rehydration salts and zinc; training parents and health workers.
  • Maternal Death Review: Building capacity of government partners to use the maternal death review to identify the reasons for maternal deaths and help in improving the situation.

Nutrition

  • Undernutrition: Supporting the UNICEF mission to address issues of nutrition.
  • Infant and Young Child Feeding: Raising awareness amongst mothers, families and workers about correct Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices; training of key workers and officers for counselling mothers and families.
  • Vitamin A and Micronutrients: Monitoring and reporting on vitamin A supplementation sessions; advocating for timely procurement and supply; raising awareness among families on the need to give children vitamin A; and supporting the government programme for adolescents about the weekly iron and folic acid supplementation programme. Millions of children, aged one to five, are receiving vitamin A supplements to enhance their immunity and protect them from diseases.
  • Universal Salt Iodization (USI): Monitoring salt samples at unloading centres to influence the supply of adequately iodised salt in the state, amongst other USI initiatives.

Education

  • Right to Education: Training teachers in good reading teaching practices in the early grades; focusing on education quality; regular monitoring.
  • Child Friendly Schools: Teacher training and training modules.
  • Inclusive Education: Ensuring that education-for-all becomes a reality, particularly for children from marginalized communities and Muslim girls.
  • Mid-day Meal: Developing systems to deliver a quality mid-day meal scheme.
  • Speaking Out: Platforms are being provided to children to express themselves about their issues. For example, UNICEF is supporting the implementation of Meena Communication Initiative through Radio programme, strengthening of Meena Manch girls clubs in all upper primary schools in the state to encourage adolescent girls to stay in school and complete their education.

Child Protection

  • Child Labour: Identifying working children and re-enrolling them in school. Raising awareness amongst parents about the problems of engaging their children in labour and the benefits of sending send their children to school regularly.
  • Juvenile Justice: Training police personnel to track lost children and about the rights of children in conflict with the law.
  • Child Marriage: Raising awareness about the importance of education for girls and delaying marriage until at least 18 years of age.
  • Violence Against Children: Working with schools to address violence against children; and training government personnel in gender issues.

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

  • Open Defecation: Making families aware of the need to build and use toilets; demonstrating villages which have become free from open defecation; and focusing on community-based approaches to open defecation.
  • WASH in Schools: Introducing hand-washing during the mid-day meal; demonstrating proper techniques of hand-washing; and addressing issues related to safe water in schools.
  • Drinking Water: Raising awareness of sanitary improvements of India Mark II handpumps; technical support in testing water quality.
  • Menstrual Hygiene: Adolescent girls are being encouraged to break the silence around the issues of menstrual hygiene.

Disaster Risk Reduction

  • Advocacy and Assessment: Advocating for disaster risk reduction activities to become mainstream in the plans and activities of government; assessing capacity-building efforts of the government to mainstream disaster risk reduction; and support for school safety programmes.

Polio

  • As one of only two states with a Polio section, UNICEF UP – while continuing efforts to ensure all children receive polio drops – also supports education on the importance of using toilets, parents immunizing their children fully and mothers breastfeeding infants for the first six months.
 
 
 
 
 
 
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