The Article 28 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) states that every child has the right to a primary education, which should be free.
The Convention places a high value on education and states that young people should be encouraged to reach the highest level of education of which they are capable. Wealthy countries should help poorer countries achieve this right." (Article 28 of CRC)
Over the last sixty years, India has made significant progress towards ensuring that quality education is available for all the children in the country.
On 4 August 2009, the Indian parliament passed a bill entitled ‘Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education’. The bill then received Presidential assent and was notified as law on 26 August 2009 as ‘The Children's Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act.’
The act specifies free and compulsory education to children aged between 6 to 14 years. The act also outlines the minimum norms in government schools and prohibits physical punishment and mental harassment of all the children.
The act confirms to the right to education that is enshrined in the CRC to which the Government of India is a signatory. It also states that learning environments should respect children’s rights and discipline in school should be administered in a manner consistent with a child’s dignity.
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