Gender-segregated and functional toilets Fast Facts
The number of schools with a separate toilet facility for girls increased from 0.4 million (37 per cent) in 2005-06 to 1.24 million (88 per cent) in 2012-13. Despite this, there are big problems with the quality of their construction, their functionality and therefore use.
In all, more than 89 million girls in schools have access to toilet facilities but
Million (7 per cent) still lack access to separate toilets.
Just seven states in India – Orissa, Meghalaya, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Assam, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar – account for almost half, or 13.8 million children, who don’t have access to a toilet at school.
About 23 million boys (22 per cent) still lack access to separate boys’ toilet facilities.
Availability of Water for Cleaning and Flushing of Toilets: Boys’ toilets:
Toilets available: 85.8 per cent; Water available in toilets for flushing and cleaning: 27.4 per cent. Girls’ toilets: Toilets available: 90.6 per cent; Water available in toilets for flushing and cleaning: 31.5 per cent.1
Number of schools having separate toilet facilities for girls has increased from 0.4 million (37%) in 2005-06 to 1.24 million (88%) in 2012-13.
In all, more than 89 million girls in schools have access to toilet facilities but 7 million (7%) girls do not have access to this facility.
Number of schools having separate toilet facilities for boys have increased from 0.4 million (31%) in 2005-06 to 0.9 million (67%) in 2012-13.
In all, more than 79 million boys in schools have access to toilet facilities but 23 million (22%) boys do not have access to this facility.
Only six out of ten schools have functioning toilet facilities. In three states less than 50% of toilets are functioning. An independent assessment of WASH facilities in schools highlights similar trends. Of the rural schools assessed one in ten does not have toilet facilities. Where toilets exist only one in two is usable.
Functionality of toilet facilities in schools is less than the national average in 13 states.
Overview of wash in schools” (Snapshot) doc has many graphs to illustrate changes over time etc.
Safe Drinking Water in Schools Fast Facts
The number of schools with a drinking water facility increased from nearly 0.9 million (83 per cent) in 2005-06 to 1.36 million (95 per cent) in 2012-13.2
193 milllion children in schools have access to drinking water facilities, however 5 million (5 per cent) still do not.3
Of the 92 per cent of schools reported to have drinking water facilities, only 82 per cent have improved drinking water facilities. Only 79 per cent of these facilities function.
Four states (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar and Rajasthan) account for more than half of the children without access to drinking water facility in schools.
Water quality remains a major issue, as many rural schools do not have adequate water treatment facilities to test for contaminants like iron, arsenic or fluoride.