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Data and Evidence for Policy and Equity Focused Programming

Introduction

data strengthening

UNICEF India contributes to evidence-based policy planning and programming for the advancement of children, adolescents and women’s rights to survival, growth, development, participation and protection. 

We endeavour to generate evidence on inequities based on caste, ethnicity, gender, poverty, region or religion. We do this by supporting the government’s effort in bridging data gaps at national and sub-national levels and strengthening the generation of disaggregated data by gender, social groups, geography, and wealth quintiles. 

UNICEF India also works with the Government in improving routine monitoring systems of national flagship programmes across the country, including strengthening the civil registration system with a view to promote universalization of birth and death registration and the generation of vital statistics.

Some examples of our work include the Rapid Survey on Children 2013-2014, which was a household-cum-facility survey covering more than 100,000 households and 5,500 anganwadi centers (AWCs), done jointly with the Government of India. 

The results are expected to bridge information gaps since the period 2007-2008 in many critical areas on the wellbeing of children and women. Additionally, the results will support the monitoring and evaluation of several national programme outcomes.

The Civil Registration System (CRS) is currently being strengthened by using computer-based birth and death registration and innovative ways to increase reporting and raising awareness. The level of birth registration in India is currently more than 80 per cent.

UNICEF India works closely with the government to generate new data sets which help with inform policies and programmes. As such, a new data set on early marriage is helping the central government to develop policies and programmes to stop early marriage of girls before 18 years of age and is promoting education among the younger girls. In 2011,

UNICEF India’s Situation Analysis of Children and Women was used by the Government’s Planning Commission for the development of Twelfth Five-Year Plan document for 2012-17.

India has established large and sophisticated Management Information Systems (MIS) for each of the large flagship programmes as part of their implementation mechanism.

UNICEF India is presently working jointly with the national and sub-national governments to improve usability of the information available from the MIS by advocating with the Government to use updated evidence for improving policy and gaps in implementation. We also support the government in real-time monitoring of outcomes on children for child-centric nutrition and child protection programmes.