UNICEF’s work in the area of governance seeks to build capacities at national, state and district levels for planning, implementation budgeting and public financial management for most disadvantaged children with a view to addressing the constraints and impediments that affect child wellbeing.
Research by various organizations over the past few years has shown that while resources for national flagship programmes have increased over the past decade, there are noticeable levels of under-utilized budgetary resources in several of the development programmes or schemes related to children and women. The extent and quality of utilization of available funds vary across schemes and also across states.
Though the factors causing such under-utilization of available budgetary resources may differ to some extent across different states or sectors, there are some constraints that seem to be common to most social sector schemes. UNICEF’s analysis of budgets for children and women is about understanding and addressing the major cross-cutting issues that impact different programmes and schemes in different geographies.
Another major focus of UNICEF India’s work has been on building capacities of senior decision-makers through engagement with national and state level institutions. This is through the development of training modules on issues affecting children. Best practices in the social sector in India have been documented to inform training processes at different levels.
Building on the work of the past in the area of decentralized planning and implementation, there is considerable on-going work to support improved district planning and implementation through district planning and monitoring units (DPMUs) to enable improved implementation of national social sector flagship programmes.
Alongside this work, there has been an emphasis and focus on developing training modules for elected representatives of Panchayat Raj institutions at different levels.